punugulu / punukkulu is a common street food in the coastal regions of Andhra Pradesh. Often served with peanut chutney called as palli chutney or Toordal chutney called as Kandhi Pachadi or it can also be served with capsicum peanut chutney. We at home make perugu punugulu using these fritters.Some make them sour tasting using fermented idli dosa batter, while others make them with fresh batter.
These are an easy alternate to making minapa garelu, punugulu can also be offered to Gods as naivedyam during varalakshmi vratam, navratri, Lakshmi puja and sankranti.. Just skip using onion if preparing for naivedyam.
These can be prepared with left over idli/dosa batter, Powder attukulu / poha in a dry blender and mix with the batter to get the right consistency.
Update: the first image is of Punugulu made with idli dosa batter after adding poha powder, i used 1/4 cup attukulu for 4 cups of idli dosa batter
There is no specific way to follow while preparing batter, except that the batter must not be runny. Can be made with urad dal batter or idli dosa batter or whole moong batter. I always make these with fresh batter, since I do not prefer the sour tasting ones. Whether to use the fermented batter or the fresh one is totally an individual’s choice and comfort.
Add-ons to the batter is also your choice, can just make them plain with cumin and salt or add chopped green chilies, onions and coriander leaves. My mom adds chopped spinach or fenugreek leaves to these punugulu, they too taste good.
The key to all tasty deep fried punugulu or fritters is making them less oily, yet crispy. This can be achieved by making the batter in the right consistency. Not too thick and not too thin. Thick batter makes your fritters rocky hard, while the thin runny batter, makes them oily and soggy too.
If the batter turns runny,many people add few spoons of rice flour, but my personal experience says they turn hard when additional rice flour is added.
OPTIONAL STEP :If your batter turns runny (watery), you can save your batter and can still make crispy Punugulu. Powder the thick variety beaten rice/ poha (aval / attukulu) coarsely and mix it with the runny batter to make your batter thicker, set this aside for 10 mins. I do not measure how much I add, but I just add enough to make my batter thick. This will make crispy and less oily fritters. Can look at the kitchen tissue in the picture below , fritters did not absorb oil.
how to make crispy punugulu recipe with step by step photos
1. Wash & Soak urad and rice for min 4 hrs. If you intend to soak for longer than 4 hrs, use 1 and a 1/2 cups of rice otherwise you may not get crispy.
2. Grind urad dal to a smooth batter with enough water and salt. Do not make it runny. Pour this in a utensil.
3. Grind rice coarsely and mix it with the batter thoroughly. Check the consistency now, should be thicker than the pouring consistency. Refer the pic below. This is the right consistency.
OPTIONAL STEP : If you feel the batter is runny, add poha / attukulu powder and grind and set side for 10 mins. It becomes thicker like shown below. Now adjust the consistency, if required, can add very little water or can proceed as usual.Check by making 1 or 2 ponugulu, if they are hard need to add little water. if they are not crispy or they come out oily, it means the batter is still runny
4. Add cumin, chopped green chilies and onions.
5. Heat oil till smoky hot, adjust the flame to medium high, not low and not high.
6. Shape the batter to round balls with your fingers and drop them in the hot oil.
7. Fry them till golden color and transfer them on to a kitchen tissue.
for more similar recipes check,
mixed dal vada
punugulu recipe below
- 4 cups idli dosa batter or ½ cup urad dal and 1 to 1½ cup rice
- ¼ cup poha / attukulu (optional, use if your batter becomes runny / watery )
- Salt to taste
- oil to deep fry as needed
- 2 green chilies (minced or can add paste)
- 1 large onion (chopped)
- ½ tsp cumin
- You can skip steps 1 to 4 if using idli or dosa batter. Wash urad dal and rice seperately multiple times till the water looks clear.
- Soak them for at least 4 hrs. If you have to soak for longer than 4 hrs, use 1 and a ½ cups of rice otherwise you may not get crispy fritters.
- Grind dal to a smooth batter with just enough water and salt without making it runny. Transfer this to a utensil.
- Grind rice coarsely and mix it well with the dal batter. Check the consistency now, it has to be thicker than pouring consistency. you can refer the step by step pics
- If the batter is runny, powder attukulu in a different blender, add it to the batter and grind it again. set this side for 10 mins. It becomes thicker after it is soaked. Now adjust the consistency, if required, you may add very little water or can proceed as if the consistency is right.Check by making few fritters, if they are hard you need to add little water. if they are not crispy or they turn out oily, it means the batter is still runny.
- Add cumin, chopped chilies and onions.
- Heat oil till smoky hot, adjust the flame to medium high, it must not be too low and not too high.
- Shape the batter to round balls with your fingers and drop them in the hot oil.
- Fry till golden color and transfer these to paper napkins.
- serve them warm with your favorite chutney